Articles

Article Image
December 2019

Squeezing more from seismic data: Application of prestack simultaneous impedance inversion to a stratigraphic and structurally complex productive field in Argentina

Eduardo Trinchero and Luis Vernengo

The need to revitalize conventional productive old fields led the geology and geophysics groups to consider the implementation of accurate methodologies and analysis for arriving at static geomodels. An example at hand is the Golfo San Jorge Basin in Argentina with the complexity of its productive zones. Careful reprocessing of…

Article Image
September 2019

Practical insights and techniques in seismic velocity estimation

John T. Etgen

The estimation of seismic wave speeds plays one of the most important and critical roles in seismic data processing. As we explore more complex and previously unexplorable provinces, as well as demanding ever-higher quality images from seismic reflection data everywhere, accurate velocity models are of paramount importance.

...
Article Image
September 2019

Advanced Seismic Inversion for Engineering Applications in Unconventional Reservoirs

Colin Sayers

Because of their low permeability, economic production from unconventional reservoirs requires increasing the surface area in contact with the reservoir via hydraulic fracturing. Important to the design of efficient hydraulic fractures is an understanding of pore pressure, the orientation and magnitude of principal stresses, the geomechanical properties of the rock,…

Article Image
September 2019

Introduction to September Focus: Prairie Provinces

Draga Talinga and Germán Rodríguez Pradilla

Nothing has contributed more to the accelerated advancement of Canada over the past several decades, than the exploration and mining of primary resources. And beneath the rich soil of the Prairies Provinces lie some of the greatest natural resources of our country - vast mineral deposits and oil and gas…

Article Image
September 2019

Geoscience Across Canada – Resource Exploration in the Prairie Provinces

Brad Hayes

The exploration history of the discovery of two deposits beneath the Phanerozoic cover of the Flin Flon – Snow Lake volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) Belt in Manitoba and Saskatchewan is presented. Due to a lack of outcrops of the host rocks, geophysical exploration techniques were key to the discoveries. Both…

Article Image
September 2019

Methods of fault detection with geophysical data and surface geology

Brian Wm Schulte PG, Dane Bridge, Henry Lyatsky

Horizontal wells and fracking are commonly used to increase hydrocarbon production while at the same time lowering the costs. This practice is helped by pad drilling, where multiple lateral horizontal wells can be drilled from a single location, reducing land use and cutting the need to move the rig.

...
Article Image
September 2019

Application of Full Zoeppritz AVO Inversion for Delineating Porous Sand Geobodies Over Aquistore Seismic Survey

Homayoun Gerami

We used 3D seismic data from the Aquistore deep saline CO2 storage project survey, southwest of Estevan, Saskatchewan, Canada, using seismic amplitude variation with offset (AVO) inversion and lithology prediction workflows to delineate the porous sand units across the survey.

...
Article Image
September 2019

What is the value of a VSP and why it should be modeled?

Jason Schweigert and Brian Wm. Schulte

In today’s era of tight commodity prices, there is a push to minimize the breakeven price (BEP) for resource plays and maximize their production. To lower BEP, exploration and production (E&P) companies have been drilling multiple horizontal wells off a single pad therefore reducing the environmental impact and minimizing the…

Article Image
June 2019

Introduction to June Focus: Central Canada

Oliver Kuhn and Jean Legault

Mining and near surface applications dominate the exploration geophysics sector in Central Canada. In our search for articles, rather than just focusing in those two areas, we also looked for other geophysical applications that would provide readers a broader and more interesting range of topics. Therefore in addition to a…

Article Image
June 2019

Ambient noise surface wave tomography at the Marathon PGM-Cu deposit, Ontario, Canada

Dan Hollis, John Mcbride, Sophie Beaupretre, Aurélien Mordret, Florent Brenguier, Nicholas Arndt, Dave Good

In this paper we report the results of tests of the ambient-noise surface wave seismic tomography method at Stillwater Canada Inc.’s Platinum Group Element-Copper (PGE-Cu) deposit at Marathon in Ontario. This survey demonstrated the potential of the technique to help determine the geological setting of the deposit and, in addition,…

Article Image
June 2019

The Metal Earth project: Crustal scale reflection seismic study of the Archean Superior Province of Canada

Mostafa Naghizadeh

Metal Earth is an applied research and development program led by Laurentian University with $104 million funding from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund and federal/provincial/industry partners. Metal Earth aims to profoundly enhance our knowledge about the origin and evolution of base and precious metal deposits during Earth’s history. By…

Article Image
June 2019

The Industrial Wind Turbine Seismic Source

Michael West

Despite their generally positive reputation as sources of clean, safe energy, Industrial Wind Turbines (IWTs) do have their critics. For years, residents living in the vicinity of IWT clusters have reported a variety of physical ailments which they attribute to the sounds and vibrations emanating from wind turbines (Kelley, 1985;…

Article Image
June 2019

Pre-competitive geophysics in Ontario – attracting investment with data

Desmond R.B. Rainsford

The Ontario Geological Survey (OGS), in collaboration with the Geological Survey of Canada, was one of the first jurisdictions to collect and distribute pre-competitive, regional-scale, geophysical data. Following the completion of province-wide coverage with low-resolution geophysical surveys, the Ontario Geological Survey is accumulating detailed data over much of the province.…

Article Image
June 2019

Geophysical Exploration Beneath the Phanerozoic Cover of the Flin Flon – Snow Lake VMS Belt

Bob Lo

The exploration history of the discovery of two deposits beneath the Phanerozoic cover of the Flin Flon – Snow Lake volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) Belt in Manitoba and Saskatchewan is presented. Due to a lack of outcrops of the host rocks, geophysical exploration techniques were key to the discoveries. Both…

Article Image
June 2019

Comparisons of Geophysical and Medical Imaging

Larry Lines and Joan Embleton

Geophysical and medical imaging are of great importance to society. In the case of geophysical imaging, we record waves passing through the Earth to image the Earth’s interior in search of anomalies to help in the exploration for petroleum and minerals. In the case of medical imaging, we image the…

Article Image
April 2019

Introduction to April Focus: Data & Data Management

Brian Schulte

Welcome to the printed GeoConvention edition of the RECORDER. The focus is “Data and Data Management”. It is amazing how many articles were gathered by Special Coordinator Trudy Curtis and Technical Editor Kristy Manchul. Trudy and Kristy began gathering material for this back in October. As with all our editions,…

Article Image
April 2019

New Canadian Well Identifier System

Floy Baird and Sue Carr

It’s 1965, and a new standard is being rolled out in the Canadian petroleum industry. Designed by industry, for industry and adopted as a standard by the Canadian Petroleum Association (CPA), it became known as the CPA UWI (unique well identifier). In 1965, Lester B. Pearson is the Prime Minister…

Article Image
April 2019

Google Your Way to Maximimum Geoscientific Value

Marc J. Boulet

Although there is an exponential increase in data collection within oil and gas companies, access to the data for meaningful subsurface interpretation is constrained by the limited toolkits many geoscientists have at their disposal. We propose some methodologies and open-source software tools that can provide more efficient access to structured…

Article Image
April 2019

E&P Companies, Different Types of Data, Fairway Mapping and Geomodels

Brian Wm. Schulte

E&P companies are looking at data differently than they did in the past. The reason why they are doing this is because data drives big economical decisions, including the sanctioning of a new play, which is when the Board decides to spend a large amount of money on the development…

Article Image
April 2019

Geophysical Data Compliancy – Utilizing Technology

Sue Carr and Trish Mulder

Geophysical data compliancy means only using data you are entitled to use for an implicitly defined purpose and timeframe. Geophysical / seismic data is complex, as it is an image of a defined position on the earth. That representation is multi-dimensional, multi-faceted and geographically based consisting of raw and interpretation…